Effects Of Alcohol On The Human Body – Medically reviewed by Elaine K. Luo, MD – By Ann Pietrangelo and Kimberly Holland – Updated September 29, 2018

The effect of alcohol on your body starts from the first drink. While a glass of wine with dinner is not a cause for concern, the cumulative effects of drinking wine, beer, or spirits can take a toll.

Effects Of Alcohol On The Human Body

Effects Of Alcohol On The Human Body

A glass a day can do little harm to your overall health. But if the habit develops or if you find that you have difficulty stopping after one glass, the cumulative effects can add up.

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Drinking too much alcohol can cause the digestive enzymes produced by the pancreas to malfunction. A build up of these enzymes can lead to inflammation known as pancreatitis. Pancreatitis can be a long-term condition and cause serious complications.

The liver is an organ that helps break down and remove harmful substances from your body, including alcohol. Long-term alcohol use disrupts this process. It also increases your risk of chronic liver inflammation and liver disease. The scarring caused by this inflammation is known as cirrhosis. The formation of scar tissue destroys the liver. As the liver becomes more damaged, it becomes more difficult to remove toxins from your body.

Liver disease is life-threatening and leads to toxins and waste build-up in your body. Women are at a higher risk of developing alcoholic liver disease. Women’s bodies are more likely to absorb more alcohol and take longer to process it. Women also show liver damage more quickly than men.

The pancreas helps regulate your body’s use of insulin and response to glucose. When your pancreas and liver aren’t working properly, you run the risk of getting low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia. A damaged pancreas can prevent the body from producing enough insulin to use up sugar. This can lead to hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar.

Alcohol’s Effect On Nutrition

If your body cannot control and balance blood sugar levels, you can experience serious problems and side effects related to diabetes. It is important that people with diabetes or hypoglycemia avoid excessive alcohol consumption.

One of the easiest ways to understand the effects of alcohol on your body is to understand how it affects your nervous system. Slurred speech is one of the first signs of heavy drinking. Alcohol can reduce the communication between your mind and your body. This makes coordination more difficult. You may have difficulty balancing. Never drive after drinking.

As alcohol causes more damage to your nervous system, you may experience numbness and tingling in your feet and hands.

Effects Of Alcohol On The Human Body

Drinking also makes it harder for your brain to form long-term memories. It also reduces your ability to think clearly and make rational choices. Over time, frontal lobe damage can occur. This area of ​​the brain is responsible for controlling emotions, short-term memory, and judgment, in addition to other important roles.

Alcohol And Your Body

Chronic alcohol abuse can also cause permanent brain damage. This can lead to Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, a brain disorder that affects memory.

Some heavy drinkers may develop physical and emotional dependence on alcohol. Quitting alcohol can be difficult and life-threatening. You usually need professional help to get rid of alcohol addiction. As a result, many people seek medical detoxification to become healthy. It is the safest way to ensure that you break physical addiction. Depending on the risk of withdrawal symptoms, detoxification can be administered either on an outpatient or inpatient basis.

The connection between alcohol and your digestive system may not be immediately apparent. Side effects often appear only after damage has been done. And the more you drink, the more damage you will do.

Drinking can damage the muscles in your digestive tract and prevent your intestines from digesting food and absorbing nutrients and vitamins. As a result, malnutrition can occur.

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In heavy drinkers, ulcers or hemorrhoids (due to dehydration and constipation) are not uncommon. And they can cause serious internal bleeding. Ulcers can be fatal if not diagnosed and treated early.

People who drink a lot of alcohol may be at risk of cancer. Regular drinkers are at increased risk of developing cancer of the mouth, throat, esophagus, colon, or liver. People who drink regularly and use tobacco and have

Alcohol can affect your heart and lungs. Chronic drinkers have a higher risk of cardiovascular events than non-drinkers. Women who drink alcohol

Effects Of Alcohol On The Human Body

Difficulty absorbing vitamins and minerals from food can cause anemia. This is a condition where you have a low red blood cell count. One of the major symptoms of anemia is fatigue.

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You might think that drinking alcohol can lower your inhibitions and help you have more fun in bed. But the truth is completely different. Men who drink heavily are more likely to have erectile dysfunction. Heavy drinking can inhibit the production of sex hormones and reduce your libido.

Women who drink heavily may stop menstruating. That puts them at high risk of infertility. Women who drink heavily during pregnancy have a higher risk of premature birth, miscarriage, or stillbirth.

Women who drink alcohol while pregnant put their unborn baby at risk. Fetal alcohol syndrome (FASD) disorders are a serious concern. Other conditions include:

Long-term alcohol use can prevent your body from keeping your bones strong. This habit can cause bones to become thinner and increase the risk of fractures if you fall. And invoices can cool down little by little.

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Heavy drinking weakens your immune system. This makes it more difficult for your body to fight off invading viruses and bacteria.

Long-term heavy drinkers are more likely to develop pneumonia or tuberculosis than the general population. About

All cases of tuberculosis worldwide can be linked to alcohol consumption. Drinking alcohol increases your risk of many types of cancer, including mouth, breast and colon. Click here to learn the basics of alcohol. You can also learn about the stages of alcoholism and understanding addiction.

Effects Of Alcohol On The Human Body

It has strict search guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research centers, and medical organizations. We avoid using references to higher education. You can read more about how we ensure our content is accurate and up-to-date by reading our editorial policy. This page has been reviewed by Dr Patrick Mbaya (MB ChB, MSc, MD, FRCPsych, Cert. Psychopharmacology), Lead Consultant in Addictions at Priory Hospital Altrincham.

Effects Of Alcohol On The Human Body Free Essay Example

Drinking alcohol affects people in different ways. Depending on factors such as your ability to limit your drinking and your tolerance for alcohol, the short- and long-term effects alcohol can have on your mental and emotional health may differ from person to person.

What is clear, however, is that drinking alcohol beyond the recommended guidelines can have significant short-term and long-term effects on your body.

Alcohol abuse and increased alcohol use can lead to alcoholism, where you become dependent on it to function. This can put you at risk of serious conditions including liver damage, which may not show up until later in life.

The answer to this question depends on many factors. Your size, general tolerance for alcohol, how much you drank and things like how much you ate that day will all have an impact on the long term short term effects of alcohol.

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Normally, your body is able to metabolize (process) a normal alcoholic drink in an hour. That doesn’t mean that the ‘buzz’ people get when they get drunk will wear off at the same rate. Some of the things we experience when we’re drunk, like slurring or having difficulty concentrating, can last for hours after your last drink – especially if you’ve had a lot of alcohol.

Calmness can be accelerated by sleeping, exercising or drinking plenty of water. Depending on the amount of alcohol consumed, alcohol can remain in your system for several hours after your last drink. Typically, alcohol can be detected in your system:

Even when you drink a glass or two of wine or a pint of beer, you can notice the short-term effects of alcohol. Along with reduced stress and lowered inhibitions, you may have trouble concentrating while your reflexes and reaction time may slow down.

Effects Of Alcohol On The Human Body

When you drink a lot of alcohol in a short period of time, this can trigger a series of unwanted short-term side effects.

Effects Of Alcohol On The Body

If you drink regularly for a long time, alcohol can affect many areas of your life. From how you feel and behave to how your body works, here are the long-term effects of alcohol:

These effects are all potential signs of an alcohol problem. If you experience some of these effects over a long period of time, you may have an alcohol abuse problem and should consider professional support.

It interferes with a number of neurotransmitters that reduce our brain activity and energy levels. Alcohol-related cognitive impairment can affect memory and learning.

Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome is a mental illness caused by alcohol. This disorder affects the structure and composition of the brain, which can cause mental confusion, nerve paralysis related to the eye and muscle coordination issues, and progress to short-term memory problems.

The Effects Of Alcohol On The Body

Binge drinking can increase a

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