“electrifying Public Transportation: Trends And Innovations” – Electric cars and e-scooters alone are not defined as electric mobility. Electric buses are designed for noise-free public transport. Description of emerging market segment.
The future of the electric bus has already begun. In the medium term these buses will replace traditional models with internal combustion engines in the domestic passenger transport system. In the Clean Vehicles Act, the EU set a target for at least 45 percent of new registered buses to be powered by alternative sources of electricity by the end of 2025 – and at least 65 percent by 2030. However, this figure includes only electric buses. or fuel cells but also those that run on biofuels or liquid gas. Current battery operated buses can be used on about one third of the existing bus lines in cities. About 80 percent of German transporters expect that these buses will travel 250 km or more on a single charge, and the future will have a range of more than 300 km. For many years it was believed that Combinations of commercial vehicles such as buses and electric motors are not practical. However, city buses always travel the same routes, which means that the stops, driving times and route information are known.
“electrifying Public Transportation: Trends And Innovations”
This regulatory safety has encouraged the market for battery-powered public transport vehicles. Also, the goal of zero emissions in traffic is an important issue for cities in particular. E-buses can make a significant contribution to climate protection, clean air and noise protection. This benefits not only the environment but also cyclists, pedestrians and local residents alike. Today, electric buses are already in operation in many cities and municipalities. The Association of German Transport Companies (VDV) has published an interactive map that provides an overview of the daily activities and routes used by buses in the public transport system in Germany.
The Southeast Is Gaining Ground In The Push To Electrify Transportation
“In ten years, 60 percent of local public transportation will be electric.” Joachim Drees CEO MAN Truck & Bus
The expansion of the e-bus market continues to pick up speed. According to VDV statistics, the number of e-buses in German cities will increase from 400 at present to about 1,000 by the end of 2020. In Germany alone, the EU is providing financial support of 650 million euros to companies. public transport and bus companies by 2021. In the current research, the consulting company SCI assumes that this market will grow by 40 percent in Europe by 2030. According to various estimates, 3,500 to 4,000 e-buses (including hybrid buses) are now on the roads Europe-wide. With a price tag of around 600, 000 to 700,000 euros, however, the new electric bus is twice as expensive as the equivalent diesel bus with a Euro-VI diesel engine. On top of this, there are the construction and exchange costs of depots, filling stations, grid connections and workshops and rising labor costs. Since e-buses will initially have shorter operating distances than diesel vehicles, public transport providers will need more vehicles and drivers to maintain regular bus operations.
In Europe e-buses are manufactured by more than a dozen manufacturers including Volvo and Daimler Buses (since 2019) with the eCitaro from Mercedes-Benz, the Polish company Solaris and the central German companies Sileo and Eurabus. Along with MAN and Scania, Traton – a VW subsidiary of commercial vehicles – is trying to enter the market. The first electric buses in series production are expected to be delivered to customers this year. The Dutch company VDL is the market leader here. With more than 700 units, the Netherlands has more e-buses than any other European country. While European countries are trying to catch up, the quiet hum of e-buses at bus stations has been a familiar sound in China for some time. This trend is led by Yutong and BYD (Build Your Dream), global leaders that are expanding into Europe but have attracted negative attention with some quality problems. In addition, the Chinese government has been an active player in the past.
It is a secret that the Chinese government has made this expansion possible by providing billions of dollars in subsidies to local suppliers. In Shenzhen alone – a city in southeastern China with a population of several million – all of the city’s 17,000 buses run solely on electricity. A total of more than 420,000 buses on the roads in China account for more than 95% of electric buses in the world. According to a Bloomberg New Energy Finance report, this fleet saves 270,000 barrels of diesel fuel per day. This is more than three times the volume saved by all e-cars in the world. However, electric buses in China also come with drawbacks: most of the electricity used to run the buses still comes from power plants.
Electric Buses Are Gaining New Traction In The Marketplace
In Germany approximately 40,000 buses are operated in the local passenger transport system. Most of them use diesel fuel and their average lifespan is 12 years. However, municipalities cannot win the fight for clean air in the city by replacing regular buses with e-buses electricity suppliers. The cost of this change will be prohibitive for them. One solution is to redesign the buses that are currently operating on German roads using internal combustion engines with windless electricity. The e-troFit redesign concept from the company of the same name includes an electric drive axle made by ZF, modern battery technology that allows for a range of 260km and a complex redesign of the electronics. This turnaround takes just four weeks – a far cry from the 18 months transport companies have to account for the delivery of a new e-bus.
The city of Hamburg wants to electrify its public transport system by 2030 – a task that requires more than just money and goodwill. In order to achieve a reliable and regular e-bus service, the necessary infrastructure must be created. The transport company Verkehrsbetriebe Hamburg-Holstein GmbH (VHH) will consume approximately 31 megawatts of electricity daily. Most of these will be needed after working hours, since the e-buses will be charged at night. In this way the bus companies will draw on renewable energy at the same time that there is a surplus of wind energy. So there is a better use for electricity that previously could not be fed into the grid.
ABB has developed a fast charging system for charging buses on their regular routes. In the TOSA (Trolleybus Optimization Système Alimentation) solution, the bus stops at the bus stop. A mobile charging arm on the roof of the bus automatically takes position and connects to a contact at the lightning charging station. As passengers board and disembark, the batteries on board are charged at 600 kW in 20 seconds. The bus now has enough energy to travel to the next charging station. On-board batteries are charged within a maximum of five minutes later at the charging station. In Nantes, France, and Geneva, Switzerland, TOSA is already being used successfully in regular bus operations. The PRIMOV inductive charging system from Bombardier, by contrast, uses an overhead coil that automatically descends. The charging station then transfers the energy to the vehicle through an electric field. However, the first test operations were not successful. As it happened with electric cars, many manufacturers and ideas for e-bus will disappear in the future. . It started in China, and it took a few years for other regions to start transferring power.
But now Europe is developing: 2019 will be remembered as the year in which sales of electric buses increased significantly. While in 2018 the electric bus market in Europe increased by 48 percent compared to 2017, the year 2019 doubled the number of electric bus registrations in Western Europe. And in 2020, the year of Covid, the battery electric bus market in the same region increased by 22%: 2,062 e-buses were registered. What should be mentioned, six European countries in 2020 have registered the number of zero-emission buses (electric-battery and gasoline buses) which is more than 25% of Class I registrations.
The Rise Of Electric Buses
The registration of electric buses increased by 48% in 2021 compared to 2020 in Europe. 3, 282 e-buses were delivered last year, which brought more than 8,500 vehicles registered in the continent since 2012. What should be mentioned, in 2021 for the first time almost three European countries have registered more than 500 e-buses, where Germany leads the list (555 units) followed by the UK (540) and France ( 512).
A total of 1,767 electric buses were registered in Europe in the first half of 2022, including about 242 signed VDL (13.7 percent of the total). Then VDL is back on top of the e-bus sellers in Europe with BYD – ADL following with 221 units. Third, surprise!, Yutong with 217 e-buses delivered. Then Mercedes eCitaro, Iveco Bus, MAN. Only the seventh, Solaris. In Denmark 3 out of 4 new buses registered in 2022 are electric.
As explained during the discussion with us