Energy-saving Tips For Montpellier’s Industrial Sector: Boosting Profits And Sustainability – Modeling of Wind Power System Using Genetic Algorithm Based on Double Fed Induction Generator for Power Supply to Power Grid
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Energy-saving Tips For Montpellier’s Industrial Sector: Boosting Profits And Sustainability
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By Aminata Sarr Aminata Sarr Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 1, * , Y. M. Soro Y. M. Soro Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 1, Alain K. Tosa Alain K. Tosa Skillet Preprints.org Google Scholar 2 and Lamine Diop Lamine Diop Preprints. org Google Scholar 3
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Laboratoire Energies Renouvelable et Eficacy Energétique, Institut International d’Ingénierie de l’Eau et de l’Environnement (2iE), Rue de la Science, Ouagadougou 01 BP 594, Burkina Faso
Unit de Formation et Recherche des Sciences Agronomiques, de l’Aquaculture et des Technologies Alimentaires (UFR S2ATA), Gaston Berger University, Saint Louis 32001, Senegal
Received: 1 March 2023 / Revised: 14 March 2023 / Accepted: 15 March 2023 / Published: 20 March 2023
Agrosystems, which consist of a combination of energy production through photovoltaic systems and agricultural production in the same area, have emerged as a promising solution to the constraints associated with the reduction of cultivated areas due to solar panels used in agricultural production systems. They also enable the optimization of land use and the reduction of conflicts over land access, in order to meet the growing demand for agricultural products and energy as a result of rapid population growth. However, selected installation configurations, such as height, spacing, tile, and choice of panel technology used, can have a negative impact on agricultural and/or energy production. Therefore, this paper addresses the need for a review that provides a clear description of agrovoltaics, including the factors that influence agricultural and energy production in agricultural systems, panels to improve these systems. Types of configurations and technologies, and a synthesis of modeling studies. It has already been done in this area. Many studies have been done in this field to find the proper mounting height and spacing of solar panels that can improve crop production, as it can subsequently reduce the shade produced by solar panels on plants. The report reported that more than 80% of the tested crops were reduced in yield from 62% to 3%. For this, an optimization model can be developed to determine the optimal height, spacing, and tilt angle of the solar panels. This model will consider factors that affect crop growth and yield, as well as factors that affect the performance of photovoltaic systems, with the goal of increasing both crop yield and energy production.
Ilds 2023 By Mondiale Media
Of all the natural resources, water, energy, and food are the most important to sustain life on earth [1, 2]. Water, energy, and food sharing are common challenges of limited access, increasing global demand, and sustainability constraints . In addition, these essential resources are expected to have a significant increase in demand due to rapid population growth, to meet the basic needs of the population . In fact, according to United Nations estimates, the world population will increase from 8.5 billion in 2030 to 9.7 billion by 2050 and will reach approximately 10.4 billion in 2080 . In addition, according to FAO , agricultural production will have to be doubled to meet the demand in developing countries, while these countries face increased competition for access to water and energy and the effects of climate change. Obstacles have to be faced. As a result, it is predicted that production needs to increase by 60%  or even double to meet the needs of the population as the population increases and diets change. For . Major constraints to agricultural development are related to access to water and energy for irrigation. Irrigation is the controlled delivery of water to agriculture through artificial systems to meet water requirements not met by rainfall for crop growth and development . Sophisticated and water-efficient irrigation technology has greatly increased energy demand. The cost of energy required to operate these systems compromises the sustainability of many irrigation networks . As a result, new perspectives have emerged, namely the use of renewable energy in irrigation systems as an alternative to fossil fuel-driven pumping systems [11, 12], bearing in mind the high cost of fuel and the lack of electricity, especially as In rural areas, there are factors that negatively affect the functioning of irrigation systems . Solar PV panels are used due to their environmental benefits, cost-effectiveness, and ability to solve the problems of fossil fuel scarcity and unavailability in some areas. The energy sector has seen significant and rapid growth in terms of innovation observed with the use of renewable energy. About 20% of the world’s total energy consumption comes from renewable sources, and about 30% of investment in renewable energy is in wind power and 60% in solar power .
Solar photovoltaic energy has emerged as an environmentally friendly and economically viable alternative with low energy costs [9, 13]. In addition, photovoltaic panels are among the most renewable energy technologies in the world and have seen a steady decline in cost over the years. It is predicted that 25% of the electricity demand in 2050 will come from solar PV, which will reduce 4.9 Gt of CO.
However, using solar panels to pump water for irrigation can significantly reduce cultivated areas because of the space occupied by solar panels . A solution to this problem is, therefore, to adopt the agricultural system. These dual-use systems involve expanding PV panels to use the space under the panels for agricultural purposes . Thus, this system reduces the problem of land access disputes [18, 19]. Agrivoltaics can also reduce barriers to access to electricity for the population. According to Jamil et al. , agricultural practices on only 1% of cultivated land can meet the energy needs of at least a quarter of the population in Canada. However, solar panels installed in an area can affect the microclimate, temperature, and distribution of solar radiation, water, biodiversity, air quality, and ecosystem-energy balance [ 21 , 22 ]. Considering the effects of solar panels on crops, several studies have investigated optimal panel layout to increase crop yield in the presence of panels. These studies mainly focus on determining the height and spacing of the panels to create a suitable environment for the crops under the panels. However, these arrangements have been determined by studies focusing primarily on the radiation received under PV arrays and the resulting shading on crops, with particular arrangements being examined [23, 24, 25]. Other studies have examined panel partitioning through field experiments . Kim et al.  worked on hybrid performance modeling of agricultural systems in South Korea. Their model focused on the variation of the amount of electricity produced and the yield of crops obtained based on incident radiation, as well as the effect of atmospheric conditions on radiation. Three different shading ratios were examined to compare shading levels (21.3%, 25.6%, and 32%), calculated as the shading ratio divided by the panel area of the system. A height of 5.42 m was used for all three experiments and the shedding rate was based on the density of the model. However, there is still limited research and decision-making tools available to determine the optimal layout for a growing crop. Thus, modeling studies to determine the proper panel height, spacing, and inclination to maximize growth and development for the crop and panel performance will help users find the right configuration.
To achieve our goal, this review focuses on a clear description of the agricultural system and the performance of its various components, as well as the factors that influence them. We believe that a comprehensive review of the literature will allow us to identify the most important parameters
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