“grid Modernization: Adapting To New Challenges In Gas And Electricity Delivery” – The 2018 GridFWD Conference, hosted by Smart Grid Northwest, convened approximately 250 energy services professionals in Vancouver, British Columbia. In a series of articles, Cadmus presents some of the key themes that emerged regarding network modernization and the different paths, priorities and solutions discussed as next steps to move this process forward.

The current electricity grid, which has been evolving since the early 1900s, is being transformed and modernized with innovative methods and technologies. Network modernization encompasses a number of concepts, systems, structures, and entities, and industry experts differ on its precise definition.

“grid Modernization: Adapting To New Challenges In Gas And Electricity Delivery”

Bryce Yonker, executive director of Smart Grid Northwest, differentiates between smart grid and grid modernization, noting that while the two terms share a collection of emerging technologies, grid modernization focuses on incorporating technology and related initiatives into the smart grid. on a scale.

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The Bonneville Power Administration defines grid modernization as improvements in the marketing and operation of electric power and transmission systems to take advantage of new technologies and emerging market opportunities. Such advances include awareness tools, digital technologies, and automated processes that help identify increased capacity, increase revenue, and improve reliability (BPA 2019).

The Smart Electric Power Alliance frames grid modernization in the context of distributed energy resource management, microgrids, interoperability, cybersecurity, and the energy grid of things (SEPA 2019).

At GridFWD, BC Hydro’s director of transmission and planning, Ajay Kumar explained that BC Hydro’s grid modernization has been going on for 10 years and has involved several initiatives: consolidating disparate control centers into a single hub with fully functional and centralized energy management. system, install two million smart meters and implement thousands of automated devices that automate switching and have increased control over the system as a whole. He defined network modernization from a utility perspective in the context of four main drivers:

While network modernization has slightly different meanings for each stakeholder, we identified five key elements of network modernization that span almost every discussion on the topic. We derived these factors from information presented in an IEEE paper (Henderson, Novosel, and Crow 2017), which described them as innovations necessary for modernization, and from publications by the US Department of Energy’s Grid Modernization Initiative (2019) and Lab Consortium (2019). We provide a summary of insights from these sources below.

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Historically, electricity generation has taken place in large central processing plants located far from customers and relying on fossil fuels and large hydro turbines to generate electricity. Continued improvements in the efficiency of existing power plants, as well as the development of natural gas-fired generators, are expected to phase out less efficient fossil fuel generation in the modern grid. Continued increases in the efficiency and environmental friendliness of resource generation, along with new types of electricity generation and a new mix of resources, are expected to lead to a large deployment of clean DER and modernized renewable energy plants. This development will not only lead to diversification of power sources and cleaner resources, but also to greater reliability of power from DERs and the grid as a whole.

In today’s grid, high-voltage transmission connects generation and distribution systems that feed directly to customers. These systems are expected to be enhanced with electronics, including high-voltage direct current (HVdc) and flexible alternating current transmission systems (FACTS), to increase transmission margins and facilitate the transfer of renewable resources (often located far from charging stations). The new right-of-way is expected to make better use of the existing transport infrastructure at a lower cost.

The modernized network is expected to have increased reliability in distribution systems with advanced automation systems (such as fault location, isolation and service recovery [FLISR] and supervisory control and data acquisition [SCADA] systems that monitor and control them) and low. – The cost of voltage support and control with smart converters (including energy storage, enhanced real-time and near-real-time distribution system monitoring, and adaptive control and protection design to address the challenges of high and low short-circuit supply variability), as new business models will be required to to pay compensation to DER owners. It is also expected to advance the development of substation equipment that will make better use of available land and transportation facilities, reduce costs and negative environmental impacts, and improve reliability.

Reliability, resilience and scalability have always been key indicators of successful network operations. Until recently, demand grew at a steady and predictable rate. However, new and evolving requirements resulting from the steady increase in electrification across all sectors will continue to challenge all three KPIs.

Building A Secure Energy And Power Grid For The Future

The modern grid will need to adapt to changing conditions and withstand and rapidly recover from low-probability, high-consequence disruptions caused by natural and man-made disturbances. The modern grid holds the promise of responding to changes in supply and demand trends over time while integrating renewable generation and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Moreover, supply and demand will likely lead to increased opportunities for customers to participate in electricity markets.

Transportation systems have grown from local and regional networks to large, interconnected networks managed by coordinated operational and planning processes, which have increasingly hierarchical control systems and minimal feedback. Load forecasts have traditionally been used by independent system operators (ISOs) to determine energy flows. As the grid is modernized, this information needs to be combined with new DER generation forecasting tools. Two-way communication between the ISO and the Distribution System Operator (DSO), as well as bulk power system stakeholders and transmission companies using ISO and DSO information, will be necessary to optimize scheduling and dispatch. Communication between the Internet of Things and DERs must be embedded in the data stream at the system level (or web), as well as between the customer and products. These integrations will require increased cybersecurity and consumer privacy policies, as well as advances in computer monitoring, protection, surveillance, and network management methods for planning, real-time operations, and maintenance.

A modern network will require an increasingly holistic approach to support business objectives, including managing aging systems and infrastructure (including condition monitoring and assessment tools), network hardening (weather-related response, physical vulnerability and cyber security), and improved system capabilities. . All equipment fleets must be managed to achieve system reliability and meet customer needs with new planning and operational criteria. Furthermore, technology, although historically developed in a relatively well-defined operational and control environment, will continue to come from a variety of sources that must be tested, incorporated and updated with increasing timeliness for modern networks. The operational and regulatory environment needs to evolve with these requirements. Grid modernization can advance our customers’ goals, provide greater control and convenience over electricity use, and accelerate New Mexico’s transition to zero-carbon energy.

Q. What is network modernization? A. Over the past fifty years, the electrical grid has evolved from a single source of power to a dynamic multi-functional system that not only powers our homes, but can integrate all customers to give them control over their energy use and bills, as well as providing more potential for more rooftop solar. Network modernization is really focused on providing better customer service and monitoring. And it’s not just about supporting more renewable energy, but also about network security, customer value and tackling climate change. The modernization program provides greater reliability, helps our customers save money and energy usage, and facilitates New Mexico’s vision for a sustainable energy future. Grid modernization also allows us to manage the grid, so it is stable and reliable as we add more renewable energy to our grid. Our aging grid is just not designed for increased energy generation and distribution at the household level. What was modern 50 years ago, when production happened in large power plants in remote areas, is not active today to supplement renewable energy sources. Our network needs to be modernized to keep up with what our customers want today.

Benefits Of Smart Grid Maturity Model For Utilities Ppt Powerpoint Diagrams

A. Smart meters are a smart choice for New Mexico and they are an important part of grid modernization. These are simply digital versions of an analog electricity meter that is connected to a home or business. Smart meters will give customers access to energy usage information, as well as their solar production data.

A distributed grid upgrade will allow for faster response to outages, sometimes allowing power to be restored remotely without dispatching a crew. Thanks to smart meters, PNM will know if there is an outage in an area much faster than ever before, meaning we can react faster than before.

A. Home and business customers will be able to monitor their electricity usage in real time, allowing them to adjust their usage and avoid unexpected costs. No more guessing or wondering what the energy consumption is – it’s right on the meter screen.

A. Yes. Grid modernization is an important step in making our carbon-free commitment a reality. By modernizing the grid, we will be able to integrate more solar energy into our energy mix.

Pdf] Electric Power Grid Modernization Trends, Challenges, And Opportunities

A. System modernization will strengthen cyber attack defense efforts. North American Electric Reliability Corp. (NERC) has identified cyber security as a major concern. PNM is committed to protecting our customers’ data and complying with NERC guidelines.

A. A relatively large portion of New Mexico’s population is

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