How Did Electricity Impact The Industrial Revolution – It’s about artificial intelligence, data, and things like quantum computing and nanotechnology. The Australian National University’s 3A Institute is creating a new discipline to manage this revolution and its impact on humanity.

Diagrams explaining the Fourth Industrial Revolution, like Christoph Roger’s, are fine as far as they go. Except for the term “cyber physical system”. Uh What they mean is that physical systems are going digital. Think of the Internet of Things (IoT) supercharged by Artificial Intelligence (AI).

How Did Electricity Impact The Industrial Revolution

How Did Electricity Impact The Industrial Revolution

But according to distinguished professor Genevieve Bell, something important is missing from these drawings: humans and their social structure.

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“Now for those of us who come out of the social sciences and humanities, this is a great chart because of the way it organizes history,” Bell said in his lecture in the Trinity Long Room Hub at Trinity College Dublin. in July.

“It doesn’t help if you want to think about what else was going on. Each of those technological changes was also about deeply different ideas about cultural practices, social structures, social organizations, citizenship, governance, regulation, the idea of ​​citizens and civil society. “

Another problem with this simple approach is the way Industry 4.0 people attach dates to this chart. 1760-1820 or so Steam power and mechanization. A large production from the 1870s, but the most famous chapter is the work of Henry Ford in 1913. Then computers and automation began to be used to manage production from the 1950s.

“If you’re in the West, that time frame works really well. If you’re in China or India or Latin America or Africa, it doesn’t hold, where most of those things happened in the 20th century, most of them after 1945.”, Bell said.

How Light Bulbs Made The Industrial Revolution Possible

Bell wants to know what we can learn from those first three revolutions. She heads the 3A Institute at the Australian National University, launched in September 2017, and is working on how we should respond to the Fourth Revolution.

Take the steam engines of the first industrial revolution. They were made by blacksmiths and iron workers, who knew what it took to make engines. But they didn’t know how to shape the industries that engines could power, or how to house them, or the safety systems they would need. These and other problems gave rise to the new applied science of engineering. The first school of engineering, Ecole Polytechnique, was founded in 1794 in Paris.

The massive factories and railway systems of the Second Industrial Revolution required large amounts of money. Raising and managing that money literally led to capitalism, and concepts like common stock companies and futures trading. And the first business school with funding from industry.

How Did Electricity Impact The Industrial Revolution

At the dawn of the computer revolution, the US government had a problem. Almost all of its computers relied on proprietary software from companies such as IBM and Honeywell. So it asked Stanford University mathematician George Forsyth to create an abstract language for all computers. Two years later, his team developed something called Computer Science, and issued a 10-page standard curriculum. An updated version is still used worldwide today.

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“So, engineering, business, and computer science: three completely different applied sciences, emerging from three completely different technological regimes, with different impulses,” Bell said.

“Each one starts incredibly broad in terms of the ideas it draws on, quickly narrows down to a very clear set of theoretical tools and ideas about practice, then scales up very quickly.”

With this in mind, Bell said the Fourth Industrial Revolution will require its own applied science, so what the 3A Institute is actually going to build — as the website puts it, “is new applied science around artificial intelligence, the management of data, and their impact on technology and humanity.” impact.”

Nine months into this massive project, it has identified five sets of questions that this new science needs to answer.

Significant Inventors Of The Industrial Revolution

The first is autonomy. If autonomous systems are operating without prewritten rules, how can we prevent them from malfunctioning, like so many fictional robots? How do different autonomic systems interact? How do we regulate those interactions? How do you protect those systems and protect them? How do rules change when systems cross national borders?

Or, as Bell asks, “What does it mean to live in a world where objects act without our reference? And how do we know what they’re doing? And should we care?”

The second is agency, which is about the extent of the object’s autonomy. With an autonomous vehicle, for example, should it stop at the limit? If so, which border? Who determined? Under what circumstances?

How Did Electricity Impact The Industrial Revolution

“Does your car need to be updated because of Brexit, and if so how do you do it?” Bell asked.

What Is The Fourth Industrial Revolution?

If autonomous vehicles are following the rules, how are those rules enforced? Do the rules reside in the object, or somewhere else? If there are some network rules that will allow vehicles off the road to pass through emergency vehicles, who decides and how? If you have multiple objects with different rule sets, how do they attach to each other?

The third is assurance, and as Bell explains, “underneath that sits a whole series of other words. Safety, security, risk, trust, liability, clarity, manageability.”

“So far the Industrial Revolution has proceeded on the assumption that the appropriate metric was productivity or efficiency gains. So machines did what humans couldn’t do, quickly, without lunch breaks, relentlessly,” Bell said.

Doing it again, we might have done things differently, she said. We could have included environmental sustainability as a metric.

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“What you measure is what you make, and imagining that we put our metrics forward would be a really interesting way to think about it.”

Some AI techniques, including deep learning, are energy intensive. About 10 percent of the world’s energy goes to server farms already running. Perhaps the energy efficiency metric means that certain tasks are performed more efficiently by humans.

Fifth and finally are the interfaces. Our current systems for human-computer interaction (HCI) may not work well with autonomous systems.

How Did Electricity Impact The Industrial Revolution

“These are objects that you will sit on, move around, that can live on you, that can live around you and not care about you… feel very different from the ways we choose to engage with those objects. HCI brings us to this moment in time. picked up,” Bell said.

Renewable Energy And The Industrial Revolution

“I don’t know, nurturing? Caring? What’s the point of [having] robots that don’t want to kill us, but want to take care of us.”

Formerly Computer Science, the 3A Institute is developing a curriculum for a new science that does not have this name. The first draft will be tested on 10 graduate students in 2019.

Bell’s speech in Dublin, entitled “Managing the Machines,” contains more detail than is reported here. Versions are being introduced around the planet, and videos are starting to appear. This author highly recommends them.

While many companies are turning to machine learning tools to fight hackers, they may not be as helpful as they seem due to a lack of talent and lack of transparency.

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Google Cloud announcements bring deep learning and big data analytics beyond data scientists, but enterprises want more.

How do you resolve the tension between the need to quickly build and deploy accurate machine learning models, and the need to understand how those models work, what data they touch, and what the implications are? Imuta says data governance is the answer.

Companies increasingly rely on mobile platforms to power their business operations and enable a productive workforce – and that means hiring top notch developers to build the apps they need.

How Did Electricity Impact The Industrial Revolution

From how tech professionals can survive and thrive in the age of AI, to the incredible evolution of smartphone cameras and how AI powers a bright future meta, everything is happening in artificial general intelligence, says Zuckerberg. Here’s why it’s important The Industrial Revolution was a period of massive mechanization and innovation that began in Great Britain in the mid-18th and early 19th centuries and later spread to much of the world. The British Industrial Revolution was dominated by the exploitation of coal and iron.

Inventors And Inventions Of The Industrial Revolution: Stories & History

The American Industrial Revolution, sometimes known as the Second Industrial Revolution, began in the Gilded Age in the 1870s and continued until World War II. The era saw the mechanization of agriculture and manufacturing and the introduction of new modes of transportation, including steamships, automobiles, and airplanes.

Although the Industrial Revolution happened almost 200 years ago, it is a period that has left a profound impact on the way people live and conduct business. The factory systems developed during the Industrial Revolution are responsible for creating capitalism and today’s modern cities.

Prior to this period, most families made their living farming and lived primarily in small, rural communities. With the advent of factories during the 18th century, people began working for companies located in urban areas for the first time. Wages were often low, and conditions were harsh. However, working for such businesses still pays a good living wage

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