Impact Of Climate Change On Biodiversity Pdf – Biodiversity-friendly measures have the potential to support climate action, and some aspects of climate action support biodiversity.
“The IAP Statement on Climate Change and Biodiversity: Interlinkages and Policy Options” includes a section on policy measures that outlines which land- and ocean-based climate policies are beneficial to biodiversity and should therefore be encouraged, and which It is said that it is not and should not be done. So be disappointed.
Impact Of Climate Change On Biodiversity Pdf
Here’s how you can support climate change and biodiversity as a PDF or high-resolution jpeg.
Learn About The Causes Of Biodiversity Loss
Actions that benefit #biodiversity have the potential to support climate action, say global academics Some aspects of #climate action support biodiversity Read the IAP announcement https://t.co/cdjBTUvXvs and check out our new releases to discover them! pic.twitter.com/dkZqF2b5zp – InterAcademy Partnership (IAP) 🌍 #science #health
Section B of the IAP Statement provides guidance on whether climate measures should be encouraged or discouraged based on their impact on biodiversity.
One-third of crops are fed to livestock, not humans, and one-third of food worldwide is lost or wasted. Animal agriculture is a major contributor to global biodiversity loss.
A reduction in meat and dairy consumption and a significant reduction in food loss and waste not only significantly reduces greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, but also benefits biodiversity by limiting climate change, and it also reduces the pressure on biodiversity loss and deforestation. Land and resources for biodiversity restoration and widespread use of nature-based solutions (NbS).
Unclos And Climate Change
In this way, dietary changes for people who can choose what they eat and reduce food loss and waste make the other actions listed below more convenient.
A revolutionary change in agriculture is critical to meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement and reducing biodiversity loss. To achieve this goal, further research is needed on agriculture, which is underfunded compared to other important human activities. Moreover, financial and other incentives should be provided to farmers to support climate- and biodiversity-friendly activities such as agro-ecological practices.
Because the prices of food and other products do not include environmental externalities, many countries often benefit from cheap products grown unsustainably in other countries, and the latter must bear the burden of environmental degradation without benefiting from food. Avoiding the importation of food produced sustainably elsewhere, instead supporting sustainable production patterns and equitable distribution of needed food among those in need, is a key component of a sustainable and responsible food system.
Deforestation, now in the tropics and subtropics, is a major current cause of global biodiversity loss and local climate change, with annual emissions of 5.7 GtCO2 over the last decade, accounting for 14% of global CO2 emissions. Reducing the rate of deforestation and degradation can be achieved by supporting conservation in situ, restoring alternative development pathways, and reducing international demand for deforestation products. Reducing deforestation has co-benefits in health, and pathogens that occur in these areas can be transferred from wildlife to humans.
Conservation Of Ecosystems And Biodiversity
Networks that facilitate local ecosystem expansion, connectivity, and species migration through restoration and restoration enhance biodiversity and ecosystem carbon storage. Natural forests have been estimated to be 40 times better than vegetation at storing carbon. Global forest restoration efforts sequester 2 GtCO2 per year. Ecological restoration of non-forest ecosystems such as deserts and grasslands can increase soil carbon stocks and maintain biodiversity.
Tortillas are estimated to hold more than 600 Gt, or 20%, of global forests. Soil conservation and restoration have many benefits for amenity, water resources, flood control, biodiversity and climate. For example, restored soils show new growth of Sphagnum moss species, attracting invertebrates and birds. Globally, existing drained soils are equivalent to 2 GtCO2 that could be saved through restoration.
As well as restoring and protecting biodiversity, and helping it cope with climate change, many MPAs support climate resilience, either by protecting coastlines from extreme weather events, such as through coral reefs or mangroves, or by sequestering carbon dioxide into seawater. Saltwater reeds and mud flats. To be effective, MPAs need to be expanded with new investments to manage and enforce conservation rules.
Improvements in renewable energy production should avoid negative impacts on biodiversity. For example, engineers can design offshore wind farms for biodiversity and attract underwater life. The technology includes structures where new reefs can grow alongside fish habitat and sea grass.
Climate Change Adaptation In The Agriculture Sector In Europe — European Environment Agency
Overall, renewable energy technologies should be managed to optimize potential positive impacts by adopting exclusion zones from destructive activities such as bottom exploration and dredging, and by supporting the integration of other industries, such as the ocean, that support the broader benefits of nature. . On land, solar farms must avoid habitat fragmentation or disruption of animal movement 56. It is also important to source renewable raw materials in a way that causes minimal harm to biodiversity.
Building corridors (e.g. linking riparian corridor restoration and conservation efforts) and increasing the coverage of semi-natural ecosystems in intensively used landscapes can facilitate species migration and support ecosystem resilience in the face of climate change. Increasing green spaces in cities is important for adaptation because they have a cooling role and support biodiversity and connectivity. They contribute to mitigating climate change by sequestering carbon, and provide urban residents with the mental and cultural well-being benefits associated with greater biodiversity.
Expanding tree cover in ecosystems that do not naturally support extensive tree cover (e.g. grasslands, grasslands, temperate regions) has negative consequences for biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. In the case of soils, plantations also have adverse climate consequences, leading to runoff and the release of soil carbon stocks.
Plantings, whether for bioenergy or long-term carbon sequestration, should focus on restoring and expanding native forests, and avoid large single plantations that do not support biodiversity. Simplistic targets such as “number of trees planted” ignore biodiversity considerations, such as the long-term survival of trees or managers, which can be misleading, leading to policy failure and the misuse of carbon stocks.
Handbook Of Climate Change And Biodiversity
Bioenergy’s exemplary benefits in carbon capture and storage (eg, using crops to capture CO2 to generate electricity and fuel) have significant implications for mitigating climate change.
However, the scale of some model deployments currently occupies most of the land used for food production or has a negative impact on the amount of land used to protect or restore natural ecosystems. The policy should also limit the use of biofuels and other feedstocks for biofuels, which increase pressure on semi-natural ecosystems.
Biodiversity and climate change action must recognize, respect and protect the rights and livelihoods of indigenous and traditional users of ecosystems.
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