Multiple Sclerosis Affects What Part Of Your Body – Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory condition caused by the immune system that interferes with the flow of information in the central nervous system (CNS). It causes a variety of symptoms and can affect females differently than males.
Researchers don’t know what causes MS. Once developed, the condition causes the immune system to destroy a type of tissue called myelin, which insulates nerve fibers.
Multiple Sclerosis Affects What Part Of Your Body
MS affects the nerves in the brain, spinal cord and eyes. It can cause unpredictable physical, mental and emotional symptoms that vary from person to person.
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Read on to learn about the most common MS symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and why women may experience symptoms somewhat differently than men.
Sex and gender exist on spectrums. This article will use the terms “male,” “female,” or both to refer to the gender assigned at birth. Click here to learn more.
According to a study by the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS), almost three times more women than men are diagnosed with MS.
Overall, MS appears to affect men and women equally. However, there are no tests that can predict which symptoms a person with MS will experience, the severity of symptoms, or how the condition will progress.
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This is because the condition attacks the myelin in no particular pattern and the nerves it affects can vary from person to person.
Although men and women with MS often experience similar symptoms, certain factors—such as inherent hormonal differences between men and women and fluctuations during menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause—can affect MS symptoms in women .
Some researchers believe that X chromosomes play a direct role in autoimmune function. A higher expression of genes on the X chromosome in women may result in them having more MS susceptibility genes. However, more research is needed on this.
Researchers have also discovered that sex hormones can affect the immune system and the development of immune-related conditions.
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Men and women have different levels of sex hormones, such as estrogen, progesterone, prolactin and testosterone. In women, these hormones also fluctuate throughout life and through their menstrual cycle.
With greater risk of disability and greater cognitive impairment due to MS. Females naturally have less testosterone than males.
According to the study, testosterone may be a natural anti-inflammatory hormone. High testosterone levels may protect against immune-mediated diseases.
Another way that a lack of testosterone can affect MS in women is during puberty. During this time, males experience an increase in testosterone, which may protect against immune-related conditions such as MS.
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Suggests that this hormonal change during puberty is associated with the risk of developing MS in adulthood in women.
Estrogen and progesterone levels rise during pregnancy and can change how the immune system responds. This may have a protective effect on the course of the disease in the short term.
Reducing the recurrence rate during the third trimester of pregnancy. However, after childbirth, there is a marked increase in relapses as these hormones decrease.
Has found a lower risk of MS relapses during breastfeeding or breastfeeding, possibly due to changing hormone levels during this time, including an increase in prolactin.
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There may also be a link between vitamin D deficiency and MS. Some researchers believe there is a link between MS and differences in the way men’s and women’s bodies process vitamin D.
They say there is growing evidence that low vitamin D levels affect both MS risk and disease activity levels in people with the condition. However, more studies are needed to confirm this.
Symptoms of multiple sclerosis in women are similar to those in men, but may include additional problems due to hormonal changes. MS can also affect sexual health and bladder function differently in women.
More research is needed to draw firm conclusions, but research has found that women with MS may experience worse symptoms during their periods.
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Multiple sclerosis can also affect the regular occurrence of periods. A 2018 study looked at menstrual patterns in 181 people with MS and 202 without the condition.
. For comparison, the reported menstrual irregularity in people without MS was 24.7%. People with MS also reported more premenstrual symptoms than those without.
Although pregnancy can temporarily reduce some MS symptoms, flare-ups tend to recur in the first 3 months after giving birth. However, this is not definitive.
Found no increase in recurrence rate in the postpartum period. They also noted that exclusive breastfeeding or breastfeeding may help provide additional protection.
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Despite the effect of hormones, pregnancy also puts a lot of physical stress on the body, which can make some MS symptoms worse.
In addition, some of the drugs people use for multiple sclerosis are not safe to take during pregnancy and can make symptoms worse.
Anyone with MS who is pregnant or planning to become pregnant should discuss their medications with a doctor.
Of women with MS may have difficulty conceiving. However, assisted reproductive techniques such as IVF, also known as IVF, can have a success rate of up to 39% in women under 35.
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To tell whether MS symptoms are getting worse because of menopause, as a natural result of aging, or because of the progression of the disease. More research is needed to understand the relationship.
Little evidence shows how menopause affects the course of MS and its symptoms. The UK MS Trust reviewed three studies, but they were small, and one was an older study from 1992. Overall, the three studies did not produce conclusive evidence.
Involved 30 women with MS. Of the group, 54% said their symptoms got worse during menopause, 8% said they got better and 38% said they didn’t change. ONE
Of 37 women concluded that disability rates did not increase after menopause. In contrast, women reported a drop in recurrence rates at 5 years after menopause.
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, published in 2020, note that MS tends to change from relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) before menopause to progressive MS during menopause.
With RRMS, a person may experience flare-ups when symptoms worsen and periods of remission when they improve. In progressive MS, people spend less time in remission and symptoms tend to get steadily worse.
People with MS develop vision problems due to inflammation of their optic nerves, damage to the nerves in the pathways that control visual coordination and eye movement, or damage to parts of the brain that control vision or eye movements.
Numbness in the face, body, hands or feet is another common symptom of MS. It is often one of the first symptoms of the condition.
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Numbness can range from mild and barely noticeable to severe enough to interfere with daily activities such as holding objects and walking.
Sometimes, the cause of fatigue is related to another MS symptom. For example, people with bladder dysfunction may sleep poorly because they have to wake up frequently to go to the bathroom.
People with MS who have nighttime muscle spasms may not sleep well, leaving them tired during the day. MS can also increase the risk of depression, which can cause fatigue.
Another type of fatigue that appears to be unique to MS is called fatigue. A person may experience fatigue if their fatigue:
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Bladder problems affect at least 80% of people with MS. These issues occur when nerve scarring affects the nerve signaling necessary for sphincter and bladder function.
MS can make it harder for the bladder to hold urine and can reduce the amount it can store, causing symptoms such as:
Some researchers believe that people with MS have trouble controlling their bowels because of the neurological damage caused by the condition. People with MS may also have trouble controlling their bowels when they are constipated.
Research shows that 55% of people with MS experience clinically significant pain, while 48% live with chronic pain.
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Women with multiple sclerosis may be more likely than men to experience pain as a symptom of the condition, according to
. The study authors suggest a link between this and the higher risk of depression among women with MS compared to men.
The acute pain of MS appears to be due to problems with the nerves that help transmit sensations to the CNS.
Many people with MS also experience chronic pain as a side effect of the condition. For example, this may be due to:
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More than 50% of people with MS experience changes in cognitive function, which means they may sometimes have difficulty:
Cognitive symptoms of MS are typically mild to moderate and affect only a few aspects of cognitive function.
Clinical depression is one of the most common symptoms of MS. Depression is more common in people with MS than in people with other chronic conditions. Up to half of all people with MS may experience depression at some point.
Although almost everyone experiences periods of sadness or sadness, clinical depression refers to depressive symptoms that last at least 2 weeks.
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Many people with MS experience muscle weakness. This symptom can be due to a number of reasons, including damage to the nerve fibers that help control the muscles.
People with MS may also experience muscle weakness because lack of use has caused the muscles to repair over time.
Muscle weakness associated with MS can affect any part of the body. It can be especially difficult for people with MS to walk and stay mobile when muscle weakness affects their feet, ankles,