Role Of Photography In The Civil War – Engineers of the 8th New York State Militia in front of a tent, 1861. Local identifier: 111-B-499. National Identifier: 524918.

The Civil War was the first major and protracted conflict recorded by photography. During the war, dozens of photographers, both private and employed by the Confederate and Union governments, photographed civilians and civilian activities; military personnel, equipment and activities; and the locations and aftermath of battles. Because wet plate collodion negatives required 5 to 20 seconds of exposure, there are no action photographs from the war.

Role Of Photography In The Civil War

Role Of Photography In The Civil War

The name Mathew B. Brady is almost synonymous with Civil War photography. Although Brady himself may have taken only a few war photographs, he employed many other well-known photographers before and during the war. Alexander Gardner and James F. Gibson at different times headed Brady’s studio in Washington. Brady also employed Timothy O’Sullivan, James Gardner and Egbert Guy Fox during the conflict.

Photographers Of The American Civil War

The images listed in this select list of photographs are located in the Photographs Branch of the National and Records Administration (NARA). Most are part of the Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer (Record Group 111) and the Records of the General and Special Staff of the War Department (Record Group 165). Records include photographs from the collection of Mathew B. Brady (Serial Identifier 111-B), purchased for $27,840 by the War Department in 1874 and 1875, photographs from the Quartermaster’s Department of the Corps of Engineers, and donated private citizen photographs . to the War Department.

The photographs included in this select list have been organized under one of four main headings: activities, places, portraits, and the assassination of Lincoln. The articles in the first two parts are arranged under subheadings by date, with undated articles at the end of each subheading. Photographs of works of art have also been included in the list. Any item not identified as a work of art is a photograph. Names of photographers or artists and dates of items have been provided where available, and the list is followed by an index of photographers.

Many Civil War photographs held by the National are not listed here. Below is a list of selected fully digitized series. Separate inquiries about other Civil War photographs should be as specific as possible, listing names, places, events, and other details. We have very few portraits of lower-ranking people and many of our Civil War holdings feature high-ranking military personnel. Additionally, almost all of our Confederate images illustrate high-ranking officials and personnel.

Sandra Nickles and Joe D. Thomas researched, selected and organized this list and wrote these introductory comments when this list was revised in 1999. Additional updates were made to this introduction in May 2021. The photographs within this list are in the public domain. and have no Use Restrictions.

Biography: Civil War Photographer Alexander Gardner

2. Soldiers resting after exercise, Petersburg, Va., 1864. Soldiers are sitting reading letters, papers and playing cards. National Identifier: 524639, Local Identifier: 111-B-220

4. Winter quarters; soldiers in front of their log cabin, “Pine Cottage.” National Identifier: 524675, Local Identifier: 111-B-256

5. Engineers of the 8th New York State Militia in front of a tent, 1861. National Identifier: 524918, Local Identifier: 111-B-499

Role Of Photography In The Civil War

6. Parade of the 26th U.S. Colored Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Camp William Penn, Pennsylvania, 1865. National Identifier: 533126, Local Identifier: 165-C-692

The Role Of Engineers In The Civil War: A Closer Look At The Diary Of Alfred W. Shollenberger

10. Dismounted parade of the 7th New York Cavalry in camp, 1862. Some mounted troops are in the background. National Identifier: 524921, Local Identifier: 111-B-502

12. A black family entering the Union lines with a loaded wagon. National Identifier: 559271, Local Identifier: 200-CC-657.

13. A refugee family leaving a war zone with their belongings loaded into a car. National Identifier: 55926, Local Identifier: 200-CC-306.

15. Allan Pinkerton, head of McClellan’s secret service, with his men near Cumberland Landing, Virginia, May 14, 1862. (Pinkerton smokes a pipe.) Photographed by George N. Barnard and James F. Gibson. National Identifier: 522914, Local Identifier: 90-CM-385.

Images From The Civil War Battlefields

16. The Intrepid federal observation balloon is inflated. Battle of Fair Oaks, Virginia, May 1862. National Identifier: 525085, Local Identifier: 111-B-680.

17. Scouts and guides of the Army of the Potomac, Berlin, Maryland, October 1862. Photographed by Alexander Gardner. National Identifier: 533302, Local Identifier: 165-SB-28.

18. Building telegraph lines, April 1864. Photographed by Timothy H. O’Sullivan. National Identifier: 533336, Local Identifier: 165-SB-62.

Role Of Photography In The Civil War

19. Signal tower on Cobb’s Hill, near New Market, Virginia, 1864. National Identifier: 533120, Local Identifier: 165-C-571.

Group Of Civilians, American Civil War Glass Negative.

20. A New York Herald Tribune car and reporters in the field. National Identifier: 529494, Local Identifier: 111-B-5393.

21. President Lincoln visits the battlefield at Antietam, Maryland, October 3, 1862. General McClellan and 15 members of his staff are in the group. Photographed by Alexander Gardner. National Identifier: 533297, Local Identifier: 165-SB-23.

22. General George Thomas and a group of officers at a court-martial near Ringgold, Georgia, May 5, 1864. National Identifier: 519439, Local Identifier: 77-HMS-344-2P.

23. Court-martial near Massaponax Church, Virginia, May 21, 1864. General Grant looks over General Meade’s shoulder at a map he is holding. Photographed by Timothy H. O’Sullivan. National Identifier: 559272, Local Identifier: 200-CC-730.

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25. Federal engineers building a bridge over the Tennessee River at Chattanooga, March 1864. National Identifier: 519418, Local Identifier: 77-F-147-2-6.

26. Excavation of the Dutch Gap Canal on the James River, Virginia, 1864. National Identifier: 526202, Local Identifier: 111-B-2006.

27. The 780-foot-long, four-level railroad trestle bridge built by federal engineers at Whiteside, Tennessee, 1864. A guard camp is also shown. Photographed by George N. Barnard. National Identifier: 524900, Local Identifier: 111-B-482.

Role Of Photography In The Civil War

29. Diplomats at the foot of an unidentified waterfall, New York State, August 1863. From left to right: unidentified; State Department courier Donaldson; unidentified; Count Alejandro de Bodisco; Count Edward Piper, Swedish Minister; Joseph Bertinatti, Italian Minister; Luis Molina, Minister of Nicaragua (seated); Rudolph Mathias Schleiden, Hanseatic minister; Henri Mercier, French Minister; William H. Seward, Secretary of State (seated); Lord Richard Lyons, British Minister; Baron Edward de Stoeckel, Russian Minister (seated); and Sheffield, British attaché. National Identifier: 518056, 59-DA-43.

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30. A group of foreign observers with Major General George Stoneman in Falmouth, Virginia, 1863. National Identifier: 522913, Local Identifier: 90-CM-47.

31. Crew of the Russian frigate Osliaba docked at Alexandria, Virginia, 1863. National identifier: 518113, Local identifier: 64-CV-210.

Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant standing by a tree in front of a tent, Cold Harbor, Virginia. Local identifier: 111-B-36. National Identifier: 524455.

32. Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant standing by a tree in front of a tent, Cold Harbor, Virginia, June 1864. National Identifier: 524455, Local Identifier: 111-B-36.

Today I Am A Boy Again’: A Civil War Veteran Faces An Image Of His Past

33. Major General George G. Meade standing in front of his tent, June 1864. National Identifier: 524434, Local Identifier: 111-B-16.

34. Major General Philip Sheridan and his generals in front of Sheridan’s tent, 1864. Left to right: Wesley Merritt, David McM.Gregg, Sheridan, Henry E. Davies (standing), James H. Wilson and Alfred Torbert. National Identifier: 524427, Local Identifier: 111-B-9.

35. Wounded soldiers being treated on the field after the Battle of Chancellorsville near Fredericksburg, Virginia, May 2, 1863. National Identifier: 524768, Local Identifier: 111-B-349.

Role Of Photography In The Civil War

39. “Voluntary refreshment saloon, supported gratuitously by the citizens of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.” The image includes a view of the exterior and three small views of the interior. Lithograph by W. Boell, 1861. National Identifier: 512769, Local Identifier: 15-M-40.

File:the Photographic History Of The Civil War

40. Chaplain leading a mass for the 69th New York State Militia camped at Fort Corcoran, Washington, D.C., 1861. Photographed by Mathew B. Brady. National Identifier: 533114, Local Identifier: 165-C-100.

41. Members of the Christian Commission at their headquarters near Germantown, Maryland, September 1863. Photographed by James Gardner. National Identifier: 533327, Local Identifier: 165-SB-53.

42. Religious services on the deck of the American Passaic Monitor, 1864. Stereo photograph by Samuel A. Cooley. National Identifier: 533272, Local Identifier: 165-S-165.

44. Battle between the C.S.S. Virginia and the U.S. Monitor, Hampton Roads, Va., March 9, 1862. Engraved in 1863 by J. Davies from a drawing by C. Parsons. National Identifier: 518105, Local Identifier: 64-CC-63.

Answers To Questions Kids Ask About The Civil War

45. US St. Louis, Eads’ first ironclad gunboat, renamed Baron de Kalb in October 1862. National Identifier: 533123, Local Identifier: 165-C-630.

46. ​​​​”Men for the Navy wanted!” Federal recruiting poster issued in New Berne, North Carolina, November 1863. National Identifier: 516344, Local Identifier: 45-X-10.

47. Confederate Atlanta Ram after being captured on the James River, Virginia, 1863. National Identifier: 527533, Local Identifier: 111-B-3351.

Role Of Photography In The Civil War

48. C.S.S. Alabama, commerce raider, sunk June 19, 1864. Work by Clary Ray. National Identifier: 512993, Local Identifier: 19-N-13042.

S Photography Hi Res Stock Photography And Images

49. Ruins of the Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Virginia, December 1864. Photographed by James Gardner. National Identifier: 533292, Local Identifier: 165-SB-18.

50. US Commodore Perry, a ferry converted to a gunboat, Pamunkey River, Virginia, 1864. National Identifier: 524831, Local Identifier: 111-B-411.

51. Dahlgren gun crew in a drill aboard the American gunboat Mendota, 1864. National Identifier: 524794, Local Identifier: 111-B-374.

52. Sailors and Marines on the deck of the American gunboat Mendota, 1864. National Identifier: 524548, Local Identifier: 111-B-129.

Lens Of War

53. US Onondaga, a twin-turret monitor, on the James River, Virginia, 1864. National Identifier: 524788, Local Identifier: 111-B-368.

54. Captain John A. Winslow (3d from left) and officers aboard the U.S.S. Kearsarge after sinking the C.S.S. Alabama, 1864. National Identifier: 524868, Local Identifier: 111-B-448.

55. A Union Station in the

Role Of Photography In The Civil War

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