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“smart Grid Innovations: Transforming Energy Distribution In 2023”

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Europe Smart Grid Network Market Size & Share Analysis

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By Jesús Jaime Moreno Escobar Jesús Jaime Moreno Escobar Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 1, * , Oswaldo Morales Matamoros Swaldo Morales Matamoros Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 1 , Ricardo Tejeida Padilla Ricardo Tejeida Preprints. Ixchel Lina Reyes Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 1 and Hugo Quintana Espinosa Hugo Quintana Espinosa Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 1

Received: September 7, 2021 / Revised: October 17, 2021 / Accepted: October 18, 2021 / Published: October 21, 2021

Pdf) Smart Grid & Security [guest Editoral]

Recently, the operation of distribution systems does not depend on centralized procedures based on the state or utility companies, but on the decentralized decisions of distribution companies, which aim at interconnection efficiency. Therefore, distribution companies are exposed to greater risks, and because of this, the need to make decisions based on increasingly reliable models has increased significantly. Hence, we present to you the key aspects, technologies, protocols and case studies of the current and future trend of Smart Grids. This paper offers a taxonomy of a large number of technologies in smart grids and their applications in scenarios of smart grids, neural networks, blockchain, industrial Internet of Things, or software-defined networks. Therefore, this paper summarizes the main features of 94 research articles from the past four years. We classify these surveys by Smart Grid Network Topologies, as it can be the main axis to group the sensors used on smart grids, as it shows us the generalization of the interconnection of smart grids to the sensors found in the home or industry.

The transformation of the electricity system is taking place all over the world, moving from a conventional one-sided structure to a more open, configurable and participatory structure by consumers and other actors in the sector. This change arises from several motives that differ from one country to another. Since 2010, the electric power industry has undergone significant changes in the direction of the use and introduction of new technologies aimed at enabling better use and efficiency of electricity generation, transmission and distribution. In many places, these changes culminated in the creation of a larger electricity market [1].

Lee et al. [2] Motivated by meeting the demand with maximum reliability and quality of service, with minimum economic and environmental costs, at the same time, maximum safety for both the people used and the equipment used, and always keep the voltage and frequency values ​​within the permitted limits. However, due to the evolution of electricity demand, distribution companies are making huge efforts to meet all the customer demands for modern electricity system, both in quantity and quality, due to the side effects of the COVID19 pandemic. , 4].

In this new context, the operation of distribution systems, which in some countries depends on local authorities and in others on private companies, is based on centralized procedures. Hussain et al. [4], electrical systems tend to decentralize the decisions of distribution companies, whose goal is to maximize customer satisfaction. Therefore, government or corporate distribution companies are exposed to greater risks, provoked by the need to make decisions based on hybrid distribution models that are increasingly reliable.

The Role Of Iot In Smart Grid Technology And Applications

On the one hand, the main challenges to be overcome in the electric energy sector are the scarcity of resources, oil market price fluctuations, new forms of energy production and existing inefficiencies of distribution systems [5]. In developing economies such as Mexico, these challenges increase dramatically. On the other hand, in terms of quality, electricity companies, mainly distribution, face the challenge of complying with all the technical parameters required to reduce the number of supply interruptions. In order to improve the performance of the power distribution system, one of the proposed actions is to use integration in power generation through environmentally sustainable energy sources or clean energies. Thus, the use of these renewable energies will make it possible to increase energy efficiency in all sub-sectors of the electrical system, as long as advanced and intelligent technologies are integrated for the distribution, monitoring and management of the electrical network [6].

For a rapidly evolving and rapidly adapting power distribution system to fluctuating electricity demand, available resources must be optimized through intelligent technologies called Smart Grids. In this sense, an intelligent electricity distribution network or a smart network is a network that intelligently integrates new technologies to improve the monitoring and control of electrical systems; Specifically, in generating, distributing, in addition to being able to include the actions of users related to it. These networks are characterized by the introduction of innovative equipment and services, new communication, control, monitoring and self-diagnosis technologies within the system [7]. Figure 1 shows the main factors influencing the composition of the Smart Grid.

According to the above, these smart energy distribution networks have been developed in countries where natural energy resources such as oil, coal or gas are scarce.

In the specific case of Mexico’s electricity system, it exhibits better characteristics than most of the region. However, it is much lower than what can be considered optimal performance, mainly in terms of electrical losses, rate of renewable energy integration, resource management efficiency and quality of services provided. In Mexico and Central America in general, the main goal was to integrate as many generations as possible based on renewable energy sources. Specifically, by 2030, it is desirable to obtain at least 50% of the electricity generated from large factories using renewable sources, as well as distributed generation and micro-generation using small units for residential purposes [8, 9. ].

Transforming Solar Supply Chains

To achieve the above goal, any country aiming for sustainable development must have an electric power system that can adequately, dynamically and reasonably respond to changes in infrastructure and especially demand. This ensures not only energy security, but also increasing quality in technical, economic and environmental performance indices. Therefore, Smart Grid technologies are an ideal way to transform the electricity sector into a new era of reliability, affordability and efficiency, improving the world economy and caring for the environment. However, during the transition period, it is necessary to conduct tests, apply technological improvements, educate users, develop standards and regulations, and share information among those working in the electricity sector to ensure the expected benefits of smart grids. be a reality [10].

Therefore, it is necessary to anticipate the real impact that the various technologies associated with this change will have, both for electricity companies and for consumers and agents interacting in the electricity sector. Therefore, we discussed the latest technologies in smart grids, considered their advantages over others and what they can provide in a functional electrical distribution system, and considered all these challenges. Thus, our main goal is to study and promote the knowledge and impact of these technologies in their various characteristics, such as improving safety, reliability, electrical system quality and implementation in different environments [11].

Based on the above, this review is divided into six parts. Section 2 classifies 94 state-of-the-art algorithms on the topic of smart grids that find a common taxonomy to categorize the nature of their work. Section 3, entitled Current Smart Grid Algorithms, outlines the main features of each of the 94 algorithms and their contributions, and Section 4 discusses these features. The future of these types of technologies and trends in intelligent energy distribution are discussed in Section 5. Finally, Section 6 summarizes the main findings and conclusions of this study.


Pdf] A Digital Transformation At New York Power Authority: Using Innovative Technologies To Create A More Efficient Power System


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