“sustainable Gas And Electricity Consumption: Strategies For Homeowners In 2023” – A diagnostic method for uneven settlement of rail transit tunnels based on spatial correlation of high-density strain measuring points
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“sustainable Gas And Electricity Consumption: Strategies For Homeowners In 2023”
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Germany’s Energy Consumption And Power Mix In Charts
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By Shaban R. S. Aldhshan Shaban R. S. Aldhshan Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 1 , Khairul Nizam Abdul Maulud Khairul Nizam Abdul Maulud Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 1, 2, * , Wan Shafrina Wan Mohd Jaafar Wan Shafrina Wan Mohd J aafar Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 2, Othman A. Karim Othman A. Karim Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 1 and Biswajeet Pradhan Biswajeet Pradhan Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 2, 3
Average Office Building Electricity Consumption — Nantum Os
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, National University of Malaysia, Bangi 43600 UKM, Selangor, Malaysia
Center for Advanced Modeling and Geospatial Information Systems (CAMGIS), Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, UTS, Ultimo, NSW 2007, Australia
Received Date: May 14, 2021 / Revised Date: August 3, 2021 / Accepted Date: August 11, 2021 / Published Date: August 18, 2021
The development of sustainable energy systems is important to address economic, environmental and social pressures in the energy sector. Globally, buildings consume 40% of the world’s energy. By 2030, it is expected to increase to 50%. Therefore, the world faces the great challenge of overcoming these problems related to global energy production. Malaysia is one of the major energy consumers in Asia. In 2018, Malaysia’s primary energy consumption was 3.79 trillion British thermal units, with an average annual growth rate of 4.58%. In this paper, we conduct a detailed literature review of several previous studies of energy consumption in the world, especially Malaysia, and how geographic information system (GIS) methods can be used for spatial assessment of energy efficiency. Indeed, energy efficiency strategies are crucial to energy policy, which can be formulated using various approaches to energy efficiency in buildings. The results of this review show that for estimating energy consumption, exploring renewable energy sources, and studying solar radiation, multiple GIS techniques such as multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA), machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) can be used mainly Be exploited. The results show that the fuzzy DS method can determine the optimal photovoltaic power station location more reliably. 3D models are also considered an effective tool for estimating solar radiation because the method produces 3D models that can be exported to software tools. Additionally, GIS and 3D can be used for a variety of purposes, such as sun exposure of buildings in urban areas, predictive modeling of urban growth, and analysis of the liveability of public spaces.
What Is Green Energy? (definition, Types And Examples)
The rapid development of cities and the continuous increase of population require a continuous supply of energy. In recent decades, as a non-renewable energy source, fossil fuels have accounted for more than 80% of the total global energy demand, and their use has caused many problems such as greenhouse gas emissions and environmental pollution. Energy is considered to be one of the most important resources required by modern human society. It is a key element in supporting the economies of some countries and promoting sustainable development. Modeste et al.  pointed out that energy is the most important resource for developing countries, especially with the rapid growth of world population. Many aspects of human society, such as transportation, building air conditioning, and manufacturing, require energy either directly or indirectly . Many studies have explored the relationship between rapid urbanization, population, economic growth, and energy consumption [3, 4]. Population growth and increasing urbanization are related to the energy consumption of buildings [5, 6]. Cavosian et al.  identified four major factors that influence building energy use: (1) occupant behavior toward energy, (2) location and weather (3) physical characteristics, and (4) appliance and electronics inventory. A study by Han et al.  estimated how urbanization affects energy consumption and energy use emissions across multiple factors such as population and socioeconomic development by comparing energy consumption among Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries. The results showed that non-agricultural sectors such as the construction industry, companies and factories contributed most to the increase in emissions and energy consumption.
Energy consumption is a major cause of life-threatening environmental problems on Earth, such as climate change, air pollution, global warming, and greenhouse gas emissions . Therefore, reducing CO
Emissions have become a major issue worldwide . Olivier and Peters  stated that in 2017 carbon dioxide emissions were 73%, methane 18%, nitrous oxide 6%, and fluorinated gases 3%. Many factors contribute to CO2 emissions
, such as emissions from commercial and residential buildings, power generation, transportation, and heavy industry . Energy use in the residential and commercial sectors accounts for a significant portion of primary energy consumption. In Europe, the building sector generates 40% of total primary energy consumption and 34% of CO2
Energy Consumption Trends
Emissions . Malaysia is a tropical country located in Southeast Asia close to the equator. The increase in energy demand in Malaysia is mainly due to population growth and economic development . In Malaysia, buildings consume 14.3% of the total energy, with the commercial and residential sector consuming 53% of electricity . Therefore, building energy efficiency is essential to improve the environment and reduce energy use.
Air pollution is recognized as a major health impact as well as a global and local problem. It is the fourth largest risk factor for human health worldwide. An estimated 6.5 million people died prematurely as a result of this environmental problem. As such, it becomes a major and serious threat to global climate stability , ecosystem services , living plants  and economic development . The reduction in air pollution, mainly caused by energy consumption and power generation, plays an important role in supporting sustainable development . Anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, particularly carbon dioxide, have increased since the Industrial Revolution
, the most abundant and dominant of these greenhouse gases. The global average atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration in 2019 was 409.8 parts per million . The IEA Energy Statistics Database clarifies the latest statistics of the three major greenhouse gas emissions per unit of energy consumption GDP r from 2000 to 2017 . Among Asian countries, China is considered to be the largest CO2 emitter
Emissions are followed by India, Indonesia, Thailand and Malaysia . Several studies have been performed to elucidate the relationship between CO and CO.
Increased Energy Use For Adaptation Significantly Impacts Mitigation Pathways
Emissions and rapid urbanization. For example, Miao  concluded that urban populations in built-up areas contribute to CO2 emissions
Emissions and urbanization. A study by Lorenzo-Sáez et al.  aimed to establish a well-established method relying on geographic information systems (GIS) to map energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions of buildings in Spain. Buildings play an important role in society’s adaptation to climate change by achieving greater energy efficiency, researchers demonstrate. Results show that residential buildings have low levels of energy efficiency, emitting an average of 45 kg of CO2
. Climate change is considered one of the world’s greatest challenges. Greenhouse gases such as nitrous oxide, methane, CO
Have estimated that the global temperature has increased by about 1°C since pre-industrial times . On the other hand, climate change plays an important role in the potential physical, ecological, and health impacts, including weather phenomena such as storms, floods, heat waves, droughts, and heat waves . According to the Global Temperature Report (2019), 2019 was the second warmest year over most of the world’s land and ocean surfaces in the past 140 years.
Australian Energy Statistics By State And Territory
In recent years, air pollution has become a major environmental issue in Malaysia due to various factors such as the burning of natural gas, oil, coal, lignite, and animal and agricultural waste . in Malaysia, Colorado
The per capita emissions are about 7.2 tons. According to a report published by the World Data Atlas, this percentage is still increasing significantly, and
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