- The Effect Of Climate Change On Biodiversity
- Climate Change And Biodiversity: ‘how To Support Climate Action And Biodiversity’ Infographic
- Synopsis Of Climate Change Effects On River, Estuary, Ocean And Aquatic…
The Effect Of Climate Change On Biodiversity – As climate change alters temperature and weather patterns, it will also affect plant and animal life. Scientists expect that the number and range of species, which define biodiversity, will decrease dramatically as temperatures continue to rise. Loss of biodiversity can have many negative effects on the future of ecosystems and humanity around the world.
Greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, absorb heat from the sun, preventing it from escaping back into space. As the level of greenhouse gases rises, so will the temperatures. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predicts that by the year 2100, temperatures could rise as much as 6 degrees Celsius (11 degrees Fahrenheit). Although the Earth’s climate has changed in the past, the rapid pace of this change will directly affect ecosystems and biodiversity.
The Effect Of Climate Change On Biodiversity
Rising temperatures are already affecting the world’s polar regions. Shrinking ice packs reduce the habitats of polar bears, penguins, puffins, and other Arctic creatures. As the ice melts, it causes sea levels to rise, which will affect and possibly destroy coastal ecosystems. Changes in temperatures will also cause changes in mating cycles, especially for migratory animals that rely on changing seasons to signal their migration and breeding season.
Climate Change Effects On Marine Biodiversity & Local Communities
Rising sea levels will also cause changes to ocean temperatures and perhaps even currents. Such changes will have a strong impact on zooplankton, an important part of the food chain in the ocean. Changes in where plankton live and how large their populations are can affect the diversity of life in Earth’s waters. Whales, too, can be vulnerable to this, as many whale species require large amounts of plankton to survive. In addition, increased carbon dioxide causes acidification of the ocean, affecting species and plants that are sensitive to pH imbalances.
As biodiversity declines, there will be far-reaching effects. Disruptions in the food chain can greatly affect not only ecosystems but also humanity’s ability to feed an ever-growing population. For example, eliminating different types of insects will reduce plant wilting. Additionally, this can reduce humanity’s ability to produce medicine, as extinction claims more and more key plant species. Biodiversity also provides protection against natural disasters, such as grasses that are especially resistant to the spread of wildfires.
An avid lover of science and health, Meg Michelle began her career in science and fitness in 2007. She holds a bachelor’s degree in physics from Creighton University and a master’s degree in science education from Johns Hopkins. His work has appeared in publications such as EARTH Magazine. Biodiversity benefits have the potential to support climate function and some aspects of climate function can support biodiversity.
The ‘IAP Statement on Climate Change and Biodiversity: Interactions and Policy Options’ includes a section on policy measures that set out which land-based and ocean-based climate processes are beneficial for biodiversity and therefore it should be encouraged, and which is not and should be. so let him be weary.
Climate Change And Biodiversity: ‘how To Support Climate Action And Biodiversity’ Infographic
Here you can download the infographic on How to support climate action and biodiversity as a PDF or as a high resolution jpeg.
🌱Actions that benefit #diversity have the potential to support climate action and 🌍 some aspects of #ClimateAction can support biodiversity, international universities say. Read 🆕 IAP Statement https://t.co/cdjBTUvXvs and check out our new infographic⤵️ to discover them! pic.twitter.com/dkZqF2b5zp – InterAcademy Partnership (IAP) 🌍 #science #health (@IAPartnership) October 20, 2021
Section B of the IAP Statement provides guidance on which climate measures should be encouraged or discouraged based on their effects on biodiversity.
One-third more crops are eaten by livestock than by humans, and one-third of the world’s food is lost or wasted. Animal agriculture is a major contributor to global biodiversity loss.
Grounding Nature Based Climate Solutions In Sound Biodiversity Science
Reducing meat and dairy consumption and a significant reduction in food loss and waste will not only significantly reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which in themselves benefit biodiversity by reducing climate change, it will also reduce pressure for deforestation with associated biodiversity loss. and free. land and resources for biodiversity recovery and wider use of Nature-Based Solutions (NbS).
As such, nutrition movements for people who can choose what they eat and the reduction in food loss and waste create working conditions that make the other actions outlined below more possible.
A revolutionary change in agriculture is necessary to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement and reduce biodiversity loss. To achieve that goal, further research on agriculture, which is underfunded compared to other important human activities, should be essential. Furthermore, farmers should be offered financial and other incentives to support climate and diversity friendly practices, such as agro-environmental practices.
Since the price of food and other products do not include environmental externalities, often, many countries benefit from cheap products that are grown unnecessarily in other countries, with the latter bearing the burden of environmental damage. without benefit from food. Avoiding the importation of goods that have produced inefficiencies elsewhere, and instead supporting sustainable production conditions and the equitable distribution of available food among those who need it is an essential part of a sustainable and responsible food system.
Synopsis Of Climate Change Effects On River, Estuary, Ocean And Aquatic…
Deforestation, currently mainly in the tropics and subtropics, is today’s major cause of terrestrial biodiversity loss and regional climate change, and has contributed 5.7 GtCO2 emissions annually in the last decade, 14% of global CO2 emissions. Decreasing deforestation and degradation rates can be achieved by supporting both natural conservation, recycling alternative development methods and reducing international demand for deforestation products. Reducing deforestation will have the health benefit of reducing the risk of disease outbreaks caused by infectious diseases in these areas passing from wildlife to humans.
The expansion of native ecosystems, through restoration and regeneration, in a network that facilitates connectivity and species migration, will enhance biodiversity and carbon storage in ecosystems. Natural forests have been estimated to be 40 times better than plantations at sequestering carbon48. Global forest restoration efforts could cause 2 GtCO2 per year. Appropriate ecological restoration of non-forest ecosystems, such as savannas and grasslands, can increase carbon stocks in the soil and maintain biodiversity.
Peatlands have been estimated to save more than 600 Gt or 20% of the world’s forests in the world49, on only 3% of its land. Peatland conservation and restoration has many benefits for infrastructure, water resources, flood protection, biodiversity and climate. For example, restored landscapes show regrowth of Sphagnum moss species and attract invertebrates and birds. The world’s existing peatlands are expected to release a cumulative equivalent of nearly 2 GtCO2 that could be stored through restoration.
As well as restoring and protecting biodiversity, and helping it to be more resilient to climate change, many MPAs support climate resilience, perhaps by protecting the coast from extreme weather events, for example through coral reefs or mangroves, or by sequestering carbon dioxide in seagrasses, saltwater beds and mudflats. To be effective, MPAs should be expanded with new investment in their management and enforcement of security laws.
Climate Change And Ecosystems: Threats, Opportunities And Solutions
The promotion of renewable energy production should avoid negative impacts on biodiversity where possible. For example, engineers can design offshore wind farms to be biodiversity friendly and attract underwater species. Patterns include structures on which new reefs can grow including fish habitats and seagrass habitats.
Overall, marine sites where renewable energy technologies are deployed should manage to increase the positive effects, by taking exclusive areas from other destructive activities such as bottoming and transportation and supporting the color of the Another company such as the forest that supports the great benefits from nature. On land, solar farms should avoid fragmented habitats or become barriers to the movement of animals56. It is also important to source raw materials for renewables in a way that ensures minimal damage to biodiversity.
Creating corridors (eg restoring river channels and linking conservation efforts) and increasing the area of semi-natural ecosystems in intensively used landscapes will facilitate species migration and supporting ecosystem resilience in a changing climate. Increasing green spaces in cities is important for regeneration as they have a cooling effect and support biodiversity and its connectivity. They contribute to mitigating climate change through carbon storage, and bring many psychological and cultural benefits related to biodiversity to urban populations.
Increasing tree cover in ecosystems that do not naturally support extensive tree cover (e.g. grasslands, grassland savannas, wetlands) has negative consequences for biodiversity and function. the environment In the case of peatlands, planting trees can also have negative climate consequences by resulting in erosion and the consequent release of soil carbon reserves.
Pdf) Global Climate Change And Biodiversity
Tree planting, whether for bioenergy or as long-term carbon sinks, should focus on restoring and expanding native trees, as well as avoid creating large monoculture plantations that do not support high levels of biodiversity. Simple targets such as ‘numbers of trees planted’ ignore biological considerations, such as the long-term survival of trees or stewardship, and can be misleading, can contribute to policy failure and exploitation of carbon offsets.
The proposed benefits of Bioenergy including Carbon Capture and Storage (for example, using plants to generate energy and fuel while sequestering CO2) to mitigate climate change are important.
However, some of the proposed deployments will either take a large amount of land used for food production or have negative impacts on the amount of land available for conservation or restoration of ecosystems. Policy should also limit the use of fuelwood pellets and
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