- “the Role Of Natural Gas In Europe’s Energy Transition”
- The Role Of Natural Gas Utilities In A Decarbonizing World
- Natural Gas › Gasunie
“the Role Of Natural Gas In Europe’s Energy Transition” – As energy security is a priority in the ASEAN Energy Agency, ASEAN governments are keen to seriously explore reliable and sustainable energy sources as key principles for energy cooperation in the region. These principles are defined in the ASEAN Action Plan for Energy Cooperation (APAEC) 2016-2025. According to this concept, natural gas as a low-carbon energy carrier has the potential to increase its share among ASEAN’s energy sources. The ASEAN Energy Center (ACE) database shows that the share of natural gas among ASEAN’s energy sources has been significant (about 20%) between 2005 and 2016.
The region is potentially rich in gas deposits, so the region has been a net exporter of natural gas for many years. Two-thirds of ASEAN’s gas reserves are located in Indonesia and Malaysia, with annual gas production of more than 200 billion cubic meters in 2016. The abundance of gas has made Indonesia and Malaysia among the world’s largest gas exporters. . In addition, Brunei Darussalam and Myanmar are also natural gas producers in ASEAN. However, the level of production is relatively small – in 2016, it was nearly 30 billion cubic meters, of which approximately 90% of the production was exported. While the level of gas production in these four ASEAN Member States (AMS) determined export potential, this is not the case for Thailand. This AMS has become a net importer and has expanded its regasification facility to anticipate the decline in pipeline imported gas supplies. In the case of Singapore, that country also appears to have made some efforts to increase its regasification terminal capacity and address supply and demand issues to become a liquefied natural gas (LNG) trading hub in the region.
“the Role Of Natural Gas In Europe’s Energy Transition”
Natural gas remains an important pillar of energy supply in the ASEAN region. In 2016, natural gas accounted for 24% of ASEAN’s energy sources, or nearly 150 MTOE, and is the second largest source of energy after oil. In addition, natural gas has overtaken coal as an energy source in ASEAN between 2005 and 2016. Natural gas also plays an increasingly important role in industrial processes and the energy sector. In industry, natural gas is used not only as a fuel to generate electricity, but also as a raw material for several products, such as fertilizers and pharmaceuticals. Natural gas is also commonly used as a feedstock for the production of methanol, which has many industrial applications. In ASEAN’s power sector, natural gas has the largest installed capacity, with more than a third of the total installed capacity coming from natural gas. Therefore, the importance of natural gas in ASEAN’s energy mix is obvious to them.
The Role Of Natural Gas Utilities In A Decarbonizing World
Looking at ASEAN’s overall energy needs over the next 20 years, it is clear that both coal and natural gas will play a key role in ASEAN’s energy mix. There are three common reasons for this, the so-called three As: abundance, affordability and availability. However, it shows the potential to help AMS achieve both energy security and environmental goals. Therefore, it is important that AMS considers the benefits of natural gas in its long-term energy strategy.
Soaring demand and declining natural gas production have raised security concerns at AMS. Key findings
(ACE, 2017) projected that ASEAN will no longer be a net exporter of gas by 2025. There are two main reasons for this. First, ASEAN production has had limited discoveries after the Natuna Block, one of the largest resources in the region. It is evident that natural gas production in ASEAN is decreasing by about 1% per year compared to 2010. Secondly, the consumption of natural gas is increasing both in the end consumer and in the energy sector. In ASEAN, the intention is to shift fuel consumption from oil to natural gas and renewable energy. The energy sector’s high demand for natural gas in the future reflects AMS’s ambitions in the electrification program.
It is rightly important for AMS to realize the full potential of its gas reserves. A major challenge is that gas reserves tend to be located far from economic activity. Some natural gas reserves are scattered primarily in archipelagic countries such as Indonesia and the Philippines. Anticipating this challenge, LNG imports, including small-scale LNG supplies, could be part of an alternative solution. In Indonesia, for example, natural gas reserves are located near the island of Papua in eastern Indonesia, while demand is concentrated on the island of Java in western Indonesia. In this case, it is crucial to build a small-scale LNG terminal to ensure gas supply. In addition, the development of gas infrastructure such as pipeline, floating gas storage regasification unit (FSRU) and small scale LNG would be of great benefit to Member States if the region becomes a net importer of gas. These facilities are important for gas trade within the region and with other countries outside the region.
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In order to increase gas supply, AMS continues to strengthen regional cooperation in the field of gas supply connectivity. In fact, ASEAN has initiated a connecting natural gas pipeline known as the Trans-ASEAN Gas Pipeline (TAGP). This commitment is set out in the APAEC document planned for 2016-2025 (ACE, 2015). TAGP aims to improve connectivity for energy security and accessibility through pipelines and regasification terminals. More than 3,500 kilometers of existing pipelines have connected the six AMSs with approximately 22 million tonnes per annum (MTPA) of six LNG regasification terminals in the region. The TAGP project also offers opportunities to involve the private sector in terms of investments, including financing and technology transfer. In addition, the gas pipeline network offers significant advantages in terms of security, flexibility and quality of energy supply.
The views, opinions and information expressed in this article are compiled from sources believed to be reliable for information and sharing purposes only and are solely those of the writer(s). They do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of ASEAN Energy Center (ACE) and/or ASEAN Member States. Content from this article should be used with permission from ACE. Congratulations to @Shell and CPC Corporation for increasing the accuracy and transparency of Taiwan’s CO2 and methane reporting and verification. #LNG
🗣️”La part du #GNL dans la consommation mondiale de gaz naturel est passée de 6% en 2000 à 13% aujourd’hui. On compte 19 countries exportateurs & 45 marchés d’importation à l’heure.” @vincedemoury (@)
LNG is the cleanest burning hydrocarbon and one of the few energy sources that can be used in all energy sectors
Pdf) The Role Of Natural Gas As A Primary Fuel In The Near Future, Including Comparisons Of Acquisition, Transmission And Waste Handling Costs Of As With Competitive Alternatives
LNG and natural gas play an important role in enabling the energy transition and ensuring a rapid transition from dirty energy sources such as coal or heavy fuels to cleaner alternatives.
In the industrial sector, LNG and natural gas are a clean solution for those industrial sectors that require high calorific value fuel in their production process and are the most difficult to electrify.
In developing economies, it replaces traditional biomass heating and cooking, helping to reduce the health impact of local emissions from other fuels.
In the transport sector, LNG emissions (both greenhouse gases and particulate matter) have been significantly reduced compared to traditional fuels, helping to diversify fuel choices and reduce air pollution as a fuel for heavy-duty road transport and shipping.
The Role Of Natural Gas Storage In Ensuring Security Of Supply And Promoting Decarbonization
These advantages point to the central role of natural gas in the energy transition. In its new policy scenario, the IEA assumes that natural gas use could increase by 45% over the next 25 years. Developing countries are estimated to account for more than three-quarters of this growth.
Natural gas and liquefied natural gas are an abundant, safe and flexible source of energy, and high levels of expected demand can be easily met with known renewable natural gas resources. As technology advances, so does our ability to unlock the world’s natural gas resources. Today, global proven gas reserves are 769 trillion cubic meters, enough to meet global gas demand at current demand levels for 219 years.
Ample LNG supplies are on the horizon: many potential LNG projects are currently being proposed around the world, while current consumption is 354.7 million tons.
The number of countries supplying LNG has grown rapidly, nearly doubling between the turn of the century and 2019. This has significantly increased the flexibility and security of gas supply options for importing countries.
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In 2020, LNG provided access to affordable energy in 43 markets with a combined population of over 5 billion people.
In the constantly developing market, various small-scale solutions have also been developed according to the needs of customers. These include small liquefaction plants, small regasification plants, bunkering services, etc. Floating solutions often offer quick access to LNG markets at a lower cost than traditional onshore facilities.
Natural gas plays a key role in electricity generation, as burning natural gas in gas-fired power plants has proven to be more efficient and cleaner than burning other fossil fuels, such as coal.
On a life-cycle basis, studies have concluded that LNG emits about half the greenhouse gas emissions of burning coal to generate electricity.
Industry Talk #6 The National Energy Policy: Natural Gas & Its Prominent Future Role
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