The Role Of Renewable Energy In Montpellier: Sustainable And Profitable Options – The European Green Deal is the EU’s road map to make the bloc climate neutral by 2050. It outlines how the EU plans to turn climate and environmental challenges into opportunities across all policy areas, and how it will ensure that the green transition is fair and inclusive. for all. The Green Deal’s goals include reducing carbon emissions, making industry and transport more sustainable, using green technology to boost Europe’s economy, and doubling economic growth from resource use.

Another important and obvious goal of the European Green Deal is to strengthen the European Union’s global leadership. One of the ways it is seeking to do this is by establishing an environment, energy and climate partnership with the EU’s southern neighbours. In this region, Morocco and Tunisia are two countries that historically have close relations with EU member states; Every country is already involved, to a greater or lesser extent, in the green transition by seeking investment in renewable energy.

The Role Of Renewable Energy In Montpellier: Sustainable And Profitable Options

The Role Of Renewable Energy In Montpellier: Sustainable And Profitable Options

This article explores opportunities for the EU to increase its influence in its southern neighborhood through the Green Deal. The EU can achieve this by pursuing key policy actions that can be collectively deployed under “Green Deal diplomacy”. This article discusses the current relations of the European Union and its member states with Morocco and Tunisia on energy issues, and highlights the opportunities for the EU to pursue its strategic interests in the green energy transition in Morocco and Tunisia. To help positively. It concludes by making recommendations on how EU decision-makers can accelerate the development of the renewable energy sector in Morocco and Tunisia, and help the EU demonstrate global leadership through the Green Deal.

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The European Green Deal emerged from both the commitment the EU made to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050 and the current international effort to implement the Paris Agreement, which aims to limit global warming to two degrees below pre-industrial levels. Limitation. Ursula van der Leyen’s 2020 State of the Union address as President of the European Commission reinforced this commitment by increasing the EU’s 2030 carbon emissions reduction target from 40 percent to 55 percent.

Fulfilling this agenda will require multilateral action: the European Commission was clear when publishing the European Green Deal that Europe will not be able to achieve its goals by acting alone. The EU will need to use its influence, expertise and financial resources to mobilize its neighbors and partners in this joint effort. Such an approach is also consistent with the EU’s international strategy and the European Neighborhood Policy.

Broadly speaking, there are significant challenges and opportunities that the EU can address as part of its Green Deal diplomacy. It is a collective diplomatic effort by the EU and its member states to create ways for other countries to join EU decarbonisation policies and cooperation, thus making progress towards reducing emissions – but more importantly from rival countries. It also helps remove partner countries, such as China. Importantly, such efforts will complement EU member states as they seek climate neutrality; For example, the EU’s new hydrogen strategy has an important international dimension that can benefit North African countries and EU member states by increasing the use of hydrogen. Green Deal diplomacy can help Europe promote its mutual interests, create economic development opportunities that will help it achieve sustainability goals, create jobs in green industries, and potentially Tunisia and Morocco avoid some of the “push” factors in illegal migration.

Morocco and Tunisia present distinct opportunities for the EU in its pursuit of carbon neutrality. Both countries have significant potential in solar and wind energy and both have recognized this by adopting strategies to develop these sectors. And, unlike other North African countries, neither has access to large amounts of hydrocarbon reserves. Therefore, the development of renewable facilities helps them to secure a higher level of energy independence and gives them an asset in geopolitical relations that they have not had until now. Moreover, such development is in line with each country’s commitments under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. Each has a reputation as an attractive destination for investment, offering promising returns for foreign direct investment (FDI) with sufficiently manageable risks. This includes Tunisia – although, since the Arab uprisings in 2011, governance issues have presented a new challenge to the country’s attractiveness. However, increasing the country’s involvement in renewable energy and its importance to Europe in the region may help solve this challenge. Underpinning all of this are Morocco and Tunisia’s strong historical and cultural ties with European countries, which are perhaps the strongest between Europe and other North African countries.

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While such ties are important—and Europe is certainly interested in how the region can help achieve its energy and sovereignty goals—China presents an attractive alternative to these countries. China is now facing tough economic competition in the world through the Belt and Road initiative and many other programs and tools. China is also a leader in many areas of renewable energy and can offer this expertise to North African countries at a good price. Here, Europe must recognize that North Africa is a region of strategic importance, a place where China’s backsliding would not only undermine its climate neutrality goals, but also prevent it from closing political partnerships. Need to support political reforms. Democratic transition in the region.

In the context of the EU’s formal relations with Morocco, the 2019 Union Council conclusions under the title “Euro-Moroccan Partnership for Shared Prosperity” identified two key horizontal areas for action. This requires cooperation on the environment and climate change, and on mobility and migration. The Union Council’s joint statement notes the close relationship between the two areas, citing the importance of renewable energy, energy efficiency, biodiversity, and sustainable use of natural resources.

In contrast, the 15th meeting of the EU-Tunisia Community Council held in Brussels in May 2019 did not have as strong a focus on renewable energy and sustainable development as its EU-Moroccan counterpart. Instead, the results focus on the importance of EU support for inclusive and sustainable development, and the pursuit of significant economic and structural reforms that support Tunisia’s democratic and other political achievements. Thus, in Tunisia, the economic challenges caused by the Arab uprisings and the severe economic consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic are still putting enormous pressure on public finances. This means that the authorities are focusing on EU budget support for the country’s short-term needs rather than a green transition agenda with medium and long-term goals. To this end, Tunisia was the second largest beneficiary of the EU’s major financial aid package proposed in April 2020, receiving €600m. Direct support for green initiatives is very limited, in part because renewable facilities in the country are in the early stages of development.

The Role Of Renewable Energy In Montpellier: Sustainable And Profitable Options

The European Green Deal offers ways to create local workforce opportunities – which can ultimately contribute to economic development and reduce migration flows. Over the last decade, Morocco and Tunisia have faced challenges regarding migration as host and transit countries. The issue has caused great concern in the EU – which has at times tried to work with North African countries to stop migrants crossing the Mediterranean into Europe. Morocco has experienced a significant increase in the arrival of irregular migrants, mostly from sub-Saharan Africa, but also from Syria. Tunisia has faced rising unemployment and deteriorating youth prospects in the past few years. Exacerbated by recurrent political instability, this has led to significant waves of illegal immigration from Tunisia, mostly to Italy. Affected by Libya’s governance and security issues, Tunisian authorities are struggling to curb this illegal migration, which has increased from 2,700 in October 2017 to 4,000 in July 2018, with Tunisians among the refugees. is the largest national group to have crossed the Mediterranean. According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Greece, Spain, Cyprus and Malta in 2020

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There is an economic link between the Green Deal cooperation with the southern neighbors on the one hand and the migration policy of the European Union on the other. This is especially true given that the European Commission has proposed a new agreement on migration and asylum, and that the European Fund for Sustainable Development Plus (EFSD+) is also forthcoming at the beginning of 2021. Identify the main causes of irregular migration.

In this context, European assistance for the development of the green energy sector in Morocco and Tunisia can provide a significant source of economic development and local employment. Investing in renewable energy can directly create jobs, including hiring workers for wind farms and solar power plants, and the construction and maintenance of such facilities. But it can indirectly create jobs, for example, creating a new social and economic ecosystem. FDI can also help renewable energy industries grow with local participation

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